Excerpts From Elmira Wauhillau

"The Indian Pioneer Papers" are the product of a project which began in 1936. The Oklahoma Historical Society teamed with the history department at the University of Oklahoma to obtain a Works Progress Administration (WPA) writers' project grant for an interview program. The program was headquartered in Muskogee and was led by Grant Foreman. The writers conducted more than 11,000 interviews and after editing and typing the work, the results were over 45,000 pages long. The following excerpt is from the interview of Elmira Stevens of Wauhillau. - "The Indian Pioneer Papers".

The way we kept weavels (sic) out of dried apples, peaches, dried peas and beans was to put a handful of broken up limbs of sassafras in the sack. Then weavels (sic) would not bother them.

Father tanned his own cowhides, and made his and mother's moccasins himself. He got the hair off the hides by soaking them in red oak bark water.

We had homemade beds. The posts were made of round poles with split half poles for sides and the middle was made of ropes and hickory bark made into narrow strips and sewed back and forth between the side rails. Our crude feather beds were laid on this criss-cross swing. Feather beds were made of bird, goose, duck, and pigeon feathers.

Eggs sold for four cents per dozen.

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